1st September 1914
The Passenger Pigeon becomes extinct. 100 years.
1st September 1939
Germany invades Poland, commencing World War II. 75 years.
5th September 1914
The Battle of Marne occurs during World War I. 100 years.
6th September 1939
Arthur Rackham, the British book illustrator famous for Alice's Adventues in Wonderland, A Christmas Carol and many more, dies. 75 years.
12th September 1764
Jean-Philippe Rameau, the French composer and music theorist of the Baroque era, dies. 250 years.
15th September 1914
The first trenches where dug during World War I. 100 years.
15th September 1864
John Hanning Speke, the British Indian Army officer and explorer of Africa and the first European to reach Lake Victoria, dies. 150 years.
16th September 1814
Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner", the National Anthem of the United States. 200 years.
18th September 1814
Congress of Vienna, assembly in 1814–15 that reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. 200 years.
20th September 1934
Sophia Loren, Italian actress, declared "one of the world cinema's treasures", is born. 80 years.
22nd September 1989
Irving Berlin, the American songwriter and lyricist, dies. 25 years.
23rd September 1889
Wilkie Collins, the British author best known for 'The Woman in White', dies. 125 years.
23rd September 1939
Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis, dies. 75 years.
26th September 1914
August Macke, German Expressionist Painter, dies. 100 years.
26th September 1934
RMS Queen Mary is launched in Clydebank, Scotland. 80 years.
28th September 1914
Richard Sears, the co-founder of Sears Roebuck & Co, dies. 100 years.
30th September 1924
Truman Capote, American bestselling author, most famous for Breakfast at Tiffany's, is born. 90 years.
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