1st April 1815
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, a conservative Prussian statesman, is born. 200 years.
2nd April 1805
Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author, best known for his fairy tales, is born. 210 years.
2nd April 1840
The French writer Emile Zola is born in Paris. 175 years.
5th April 1955
Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health. 60 years.
9th April 1865
The American Civil War, one of history's bloodiest wars, ends. 150 years.
9th April 1830
Eadweard J. Muybridge, English photographer and inventor, is born. 185 years.
12th April 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, dies. 70 years.
12th April 1935
First flight of the Bristol Blenheim. 80 years.
12th April 1975
American-born French dancer, singer and actress, Josephine Baker dies. 40 years.
13th April 1970
Launch of Apollo 13 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. 45 years.
14th April 1865
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th U.S. President, is assassinated. 150 years.
15th April 1945
Liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. 70 years.
22nd April 1840
The French symbolist painter Odilon Redon is born. 175 years.
21st April 1945
Red Army enters outskirst of Berlin, Russian troops capture some outlying suburbs of Berlin at the beginning of what promises to be a bitter battle for control of the city. 70 years.
23rd April 1775
J.M.W Turner, a British romantic landscape painter, is born. 240 years.
25th April 1915
The infamous battle of Gallipoli began. 100 years.
27th April 1840
Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, is laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry. 175 years.
28th April 1945
Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy until his downfall in 1943, has been killed by partisans along with his mistress, Clara Petacci, and some close associates. 70 years.
29th April 1980
Alfred Hitchcock, the famous English film director and producer, dies. 35 years.
30th April 1945
WWII: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide. 70 years.

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