1st October 1908
The Ford Model T, the first car for millions of Americans, hits the market. Over 15 million Model Ts are eventually sold, all of them in black. 110 years.
1st October 1918
World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") captures Damascus. 100 years.
1st October 1928
The Soviet Union introduces its First five-year plan. 90 years.
1st October 1958
President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration: NASA. 60 years.
1st October 1988
Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Union. 30 years.
2nd October 1718
Elizabeth Montagu, British social reformer, literary critic, and writer who helped organize and lead the Blue Stockings Society, was born. 300 years.
2nd October 1968
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor, died. 50 years.
3rd October 1838
Black Hawk, Leader of the Sauk Native American tribe, died. 180 years.
4th October 1923
Charlton Heston, American actor and political activist, was born. 95 years.
5th October 1918
Roland Georges Garros, French soldier and pilot, died. 100 years.
5th October 1938
Germany invalidates Jews’ passports. 80 years.
6th October 1888
Roland Garros, French aviator and WW1 fighter pilot, was born. 130 years.
6th October 1908
Carol Lombard, American comediennne and actress, was born. 110 years.
7th October 1933
Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, CIDNA and Société Générale des Transports Aériens, merged into Air France. 85 years.
9th October 1888
Washington Monument opens for public admittance. 130 years.
10th October 1963
Edith Piaf, singer and cultural icon, died. 55 years.
11th October 1963
Jean Cocteau, French artist, died. 55 years.
12th October 1933
Alcatraz Island is made a federal maximum security prison. 85 years.
13th October 1918
Robert Hudson Walker, American actor best known for his starring role in Alfred Hitchcock's 1951 thriller Strangers on a Train, was born. 100 years.
14th October 1888
Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-born British short story writer, was born. 130 years.

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